TEZHIP aka ILLUMINATION AND GILDING is an ancient decorative art. It was mainly applied to the edges of calligraphic texts. The word tezhip means turning the design into gold. Tezhip design is similar to zentangle designs, and being it has symmetry. It also looks like snowflake patterns.
Traditionally, Tezhip is done with gold leaves. In Medieval times, the Tezhip style was widely used to decorate Christian texts and prayer books. It was first seen among the Uyghur people in the 9th century. The Seljuks then brought it to Anatolia, and the art culminated during the Ottomans. Mameluke artists in the 15th century developed their style and advances were seen in the Timur-ruled areas such as Herat, Hive, Bukhara, and Samarkand.